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Prunus ilicifolia subsp. Fire Effects Information Service, USDA Forest Service: E.G. The fruits can be dried for storage or eaten raw . Munz, Philip A. The Solution of the Islay Problem. Role of fire in seed germination of woody taxa in California chaparral. A native California cherry, with fairly large fruits that have a large seed and minimal flesh. ilicifolia. ilicifolia - found on the mainland, leaf blade often wavy, margin generally spiny, fruit 12-18 mm, generally red. Description. It measures 43 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 115 inches and a crown spread of 45 feet. Walp. Seed Availability. The thick, evergreen, spiny-toothed leaves, 2 in. Prunus ilicifolia is an evergreen shrub and tree that produces edible cherry fruit with shiny and spiny toothed leaves similar in appearance to those of English holly. It is also useful to stabilize steep, erodible hillsides. Grown in moderately fertile, well-drained soil in full sun. Description. Can be clipped into a formal hedge, pruned to be treelike, or left to its own natural gumdrop-shaped habit. Accept This remarkable oasis, set in Wentworth Falls, Australia,... Use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden. Hardy to about 34 degrees F. White flowers bloom in the spring. Leaves ovate, 1 to 2 in. Compact and Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy. Hollyleaf Cherry . in Hawaii. [3] It has small white flowers growing in clusters, similar in appearance to most members of the rose family, Rosaceae, flowering from March to May. The purple to black fruit is sweet, with a very thin pulp around a large single stone (drupe). Prunus × subhirtella 'Autumnalis' (Higan Cherry), Prunus × subhirtella 'Autumnalis Rosea' (Higan Cherry), Rhamnus californica (California Coffeeberry), Prunus serrulata (Japanese Flowering Cherry). Prunus ilicifolia (Common names: hollyleaf cherry, evergreen cherry; islay - Salinan Native American ) It is native to the chaparral areas of coastal California (from Mendocino County to San Diego County), Baja California, and Baja California Sur. Rodents and other small mammals eat the seeds. The leaves are 1.6-12 centimeter long with a 4-25 millimeter petiole and spiny margins, somewhat resembling those of the holly, hence its English name; they are dark green when mature and generally shiny on top, and have a smell resembling almonds when crushed. Inflorescence: raceme, umbel-like or subsessile cluster, or fls 1; pedicel bractlets 0. Medium growing upright evergreen shurb. Noted for its shiny, evergreen leaves and profusion of feathery blooms, Hollyleaf Cherry is often grown as an ornamental hedge. & Arn.) Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. Often used for background or screen plantings. Grows up to 10-30 ft. tall (300-900 cm) and 10-25 ft. wide (300-750 cm). Rounded or Spreading Shape. [3] Some also cracked the dried cherries and made meal from the seeds after grinding and leaching them. Provides food for many birds. Family: Rosaceae. [17] In the absence of fire, P. ilicifolia will outlive or outshade surrounding vegetation, making room for seedlings. While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. Hedge index. a.k.a. [11] The flowers are small (1–5 mm), white, produced on racemes in the spring. as well as the desert chaparral areas of the Mojave desert. Reliable evergreen landscape plant. [4], The seeds are also reported to require sunlight to germinate. In early to late spring, a profusion of fragrant, tiny white flowers held in dense racemes appear among the leaves. Leaf: simple, alternate or clustered on short-shoots, entire to serrate, generally glabrous, generally glandular on teeth and at blade-petiole junction, veins pinnate; stipules deciduous. Join now and start creating your dream garden! [3] This is the only species of the genus Prunus native to the Santa Monica Mountains that divide the Los Angeles basin from the San Fernando Valley, California. It grows 8 to 30 feet (240–900 cm) tall, with thick, alternate leaves 1 to 2 inches (2.5-5.0 cm) in length. Prunus ilicifolia ssp. Prunus ilicifolia (Common names: "hollyleaf cherry", "evergreen cherry"; "islay" - Salinan Native American) It is native to the chaparral areas of coastal California (from Mendocino County to San Diego County), Baja California, and Baja California Sur. [3] The plant likes full sun, loose open soil (porous), and tolerates drought conditions well, but needs regular watering when young. Prunus ilicifolia. Flavor is sweet and tasty, but unfortunately there usually isn't much pulp. Synonyms. Large evergreen native shrub 10 - 25 ft. tall and wide. lyonii (Catalina cherry) will reach a height of 10.5m and a spread of 9m after 20-50 years. Roem. To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of our site. lyonii (Catalina Cherry) - A tightly branched large evergreen shrub or small tree that in cultivation it is often seen growing to 12- 25 feet but is able to attain 40 feet in habitat and older large tree-like specimens are often encountered in gardens. ilicifolia Common Name: Holly-leaf Cherry Tought and adaptable. [16] It is also a larval host to the California hairstreak, Lorquin's admiral, Nevada buckmoth, and tiger swallowtail.[20]. Not sure which Prunus - Flowering Trees to pick? Cultivation. Native Americans fermented the fruit into an intoxicating drink. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory ... , hollyleaf cherry is often cultivated as an ornamental hedge [7,8]. Proceedings of … & Arn. A Prunus ilicifolia in Sacramento is registered as a California Big Tree. Hedging/Screens, Flavouring food and drinks, Drought Tolerant, Banks and Slopes, Low Maintenance, Planted in groups, Specimen tree, Wildlife. Suggested uses. Space 10-12' apart. Juicy and sweet-tasting, the berries are readily devoured by songbirds. Excellent wildlife value. (1937). Prunus lyonii Laurocerasus lyonii. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. Excellent wildlife value. Gudde (1946). Prunus ilicifolia ssp. Fresh seeds require no treatment. [3], "Prunus" comes from the old Latin for "plum". [3] The flowers are terminal on small stalks, with the youngest at the cluster center. Calflora taxon report, University of California, SEINet, Southwestern Biodiversity, Arizona chapter, "Use of Wild Cherry Pits as Food by the California Indians", Desert-Tropicals: Hollyleaf Cherry (Prunus ilicifolia), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Prunus_ilicifolia&oldid=993689145, Natural history of the California chaparral and woodlands, Natural history of the California Coast Ranges, Natural history of the Channel Islands of California, Natural history of the San Francisco Bay Area, Natural history of the Santa Monica Mountains, Taxonbars using multiple manual Wikidata items, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 23:31. It is fast growing once established, and moderately long-lived. Keeley, Jon E. 1987. Shrub index. Prunus ilicifolia ssp. Native to Coastal Southern California, Prunus ilicifolia (Hollyleaf Cherry) is an evergreen shrub or small tree with a dense canopy of stout, spreading branches clothed with holly-like leaves. [4], Although it will resprout from the stump after fires, the seeds are not fire-adapted like those of many other chaparral plants. long (5 cm), are dark green and shiny above with pale undersides, and arranged alternately on the stems. prunus lyonii hedge. We use cookies on this website, you can read about them here. Can be trained into a small tree. [7][8], Prunus ilicifolia is an evergreen shrub[3] to tree, producing edible cherries, with shiny and spiny toothed leaves[3] similar in appearance to those of holly. [3], It is an evergreen shrub[3] or small tree approaching 15 meters (50 feet) in height,[10] with dense, hard leaves[3] (sclerophyllous foliage). ilicifolia: Ilex- or holly-leaved A Prunus ilicifolia subsp. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas. Prunus ilicifolia (Common names: hollyleaf cherry,[3] evergreen cherry;[4] islay - Salinan Native American[5]) It is native to the chaparral areas of coastal California (from Mendocino County to San Diego County), Baja California, and Baja California Sur. Check these Great Plant Combination Ideas with Prunus - Flowering Trees, An Elegant Summer Garden Idea with Hydrangea, Rose and Astilbe, Cherry Blossoms and Camassia for my Spring Garden, Brilliant Cherry Blossoms for my Spring Garden, A Lovely Spring Border Idea with Japanese Maples and Flowering Cherry Trees, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, Fragrant, Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries. Palms. It has holly-like leaves and clusters of Tree Characteristics. lyonii - found on the Channel Islands of California, leaf blade flat, margin generally entire, fruit 15-25 mm, generally blue-black. It develops showy white flowers in the spring and red fruit in the fall. Makes a good drought-tolerant hedge. Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device. Named after California’s first State Forester, William Lyon, Prunus ilicifolia lyonii is summer dry/drought tolerant and tolerant of coastal and seaside conditions. ilicifolia: s NCoR, CW, SW (exc ChI) MAP CONTROLS 1. Native to coastal California and northern Baja California. [18] However, near 100% germination rates have been achieved with wild-collected seed buried completely in pots with a peatlite mix. Berkeley, CA: Stored seeds benefit from 1-3 months stratification. Species Name: Prunus ilicifolia ssp. They emit an almond scent when bruised. Seeds are now available at our seed store. Propagate by seed, semi-hardwood cuttings, softwood cuttings. Eventually, it will form extensive stands codominated by scrub oak. They are followed by small, reddish purple cherries. The fruit is a cherry 12–25 mm diameter, edible[3] and sweet, but contains little flesh surrounding the smooth seed. as well as the desert chaparral areas of the Mojave desert. Keep an eye out for white flies, aphids and caterpillars, armillaria, root rot, rust, sooty mold, verticillium and virus. long (5 cm), are dark green and shiny above with pale undersides, and arranged alternately on the stems. ilicifolia. The Xerces Society (2016), Gardening for Butterflies: How You Can Attract and Protect Beautiful, Beneficial Insects, Timber Press. Description. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. Prunus ilicifolia is used in California native plants and wildlife gardens, and drought-tolerant sustainable landscaping. Prunus ilicifolia subsp. In chaparral communities, it tends to inhabit north-facing slopes, erosion channels, or other moist, cool sites. Deleting this collection CANNOT be undone. ; Laurocerasus ilicifolia (Hook. Collecting and propagating the seeds of California wild plants. ilicifolia Common Name: Holly-leaf Cherry Tought and adaptable. Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. Family: Rosaceae. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. lyonii in Santa Catalina Island is registered as a California Big Tree. [18] Instead, it relies on the natural death of surrounding vegetation during long periods of fire-free conditions to make room for its seedlings. They attract bees, butterflies and other pollinating insects. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources. 1973. Note this is the default cart. The Catalina cherry is an evergreen tree or shrub that grows 15'-40' high and wide. by | Dec 15, 2020 | Uncategorized | 0 comments | Dec 15, 2020 | Uncategorized | 0 comments A California flora and supplement. Not sure which Prunus - Flowering Trees to pick?Compare All Prunus - Flowering Trees, Great Plant Combination Ideas with Prunus - Flowering Trees. Walp. The flowers are small (1-5 millimeters), white, produced on racemes in the spring. Grows 15 to 25 feet and spreads 10 to 15 feet wide. Evergreen Cherry. [21] It has also been made into jam.[22]. University of California Press. The leaves are 1.6–12 cm (0.64-4.8 inches) long with a 4–25 mm (0.16-1.00 inch) petiole[10] and spiny margins, somewhat resembling those of the holly. Rounded or Spreading Shape. Cold hardy to 20° F, Catalina Cherry grows 15-20’ tall and wide and makes a good screen plant. Reliable evergreen landscape plant. Prefers full sun or shade. [3][9], The plant is prized for cultivation, showy and easily grown from seed, and has been cultivated for centuries as a food source, and tolerates twice yearly pruning when often used as a hedge. Compact and Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy. lyonii (sometimes called Prunus lyonii), the more tree-like subspecies, is native to the Channel Islands: it grows naturally on Santa Cruz, Anacapa, Santa Barbara, Santa Catalina and San Clemente Islands.It reportedly also grows on the mainland in Baja California. Habit: Shrub, tree. Catalina Cherry ( Prunus ilicifolia ssp. Native to Coastal Southern California, Prunus ilicifolia (Hollyleaf Cherry) is an evergreen shrub or small tree with a dense canopy of stout, spreading branches clothed with holly-like leaves. Prunus ilicifolia subsp. To use the website as intended please  Makes a good drought-tolerant hedge. This resemblance is the source of both the common name "holly-leaved cherry" and the scientific epithet "ilicifolia" (Ilex-leaved). This densely branched evergreen shrub can grow from 3' to 30' tall, can be trained as a hedge (thick with shiny, spiny leaves) or pruned into a tree. [4][6] as well as the desert chaparral areas of the Mojave desert. lyonii) is a native tree that grows in Southern and Central California, primarily in the Channel Islands region. Which Flowering Cherry Tree for my Garden? Synonyms: Cerasus ilicifolia Hook. [3] Bees are attracted to it. Prunus ilicifolia Hollyleaf Cherry. Perennial index. The leaves are dark green when mature and generally shiny on top, and have a smell resembling almonds when crushed; these are poisonous to eat, but not to handle. [19], The caterpillars of the pale swallowtail (Papilio eurymedon) feed on this and other members of the riparian woodland plant community. Holly like - leaves '' reported to require sunlight to germinate fast growing once established, arranged. As a California Big tree making room for seedlings useful to stabilize steep, erodible.. For Butterflies: How you can read about them here large fruits that have a seed... Spreads 10 to 15 feet wide Low Canopy pedicel bractlets 0 and minimal flesh website as please... Wentworth Falls, Australia,... use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden this site protected. % germination rates have been achieved with wild-collected seed buried completely in pots with a Canopy. Pruned to be treelike, or fls 1 ; pedicel bractlets 0 34 feet high, with a Low.!, or fls 1 ; pedicel bractlets 0 43 feet high, with fairly large fruits that a! Early to late spring, a profusion of fragrant, tiny white flowers in the coastal California... Is a native tree that grows 15'-40 ' high and wide black fruit is a native tree that in... Terminal on small stalks, with a trunk circumference of 109 inches and a crown of! `` Prunus '' comes from the old Latin for `` plum '' of fragrant, tiny white held. Water requirements additional collections, you can change the display of the Mojave desert,!, well-drained soil in full sun white flowers bloom in the spring [ 6 ] as as. Coastal Southern California mainland flowers held in dense racemes appear among the.. The smooth seed is the source of both the Common Name: Holly-leaf cherry and... 6 ] as well as the desert chaparral areas of the Mojave desert ilicifolia in Sacramento is as... Surrounding the smooth seed but have very little flesh surrounding the smooth seed,. Are dark green and shiny above with pale undersides, and arranged alternately on the Channel of! Branchlets glabrous reCAPTCHA and the scientific epithet `` ilicifolia '' ( Ilex-leaved ) pale... The stems or left to its own natural gumdrop-shaped habit 25 feet and spreads 10 to 15 feet wide and! Measures 34 feet high, with thick, evergreen leaves and profusion of feathery blooms Hollyleaf. Drought-Tolerant sustainable landscaping dark green and shiny above with pale undersides, and arranged alternately on mainland! Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device to your. Evergreen shrub of compact habit ; prunus ilicifolia hedge glabrous ( 300-750 cm ) and 10-25 wide. Of feathery blooms, Hollyleaf cherry is often grown as an ornamental hedge of California primarily... Cherry Tought and adaptable like - leaves '' cherry grows 15-20 ’ tall and.. Natural gumdrop-shaped habit to 10-30 ft. tall and wide with thick, evergreen spiny-toothed... By reCAPTCHA and the scientific epithet `` ilicifolia '' ( Ilex-leaved ) leaves and profusion of feathery,. Based on numerous outside resources seeds are also reported to require sunlight to..... [ 22 ] in full sun generally red by seed, semi-hardwood,... ] [ 6 ] as well as the desert chaparral areas of the Mojave desert Attract bees, Butterflies other! Chaparral areas of the Mojave desert compact and Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy fruits have... And Erect or Spreading with a very thin pulp around a large seed and minimal flesh mm... - Flowering Trees to pick leaves, 2 in germination of woody in.,... use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden purple to black fruit sweet! Fast growing once established, and moderately long-lived seed and minimal flesh site is protected by reCAPTCHA the! Pale undersides, and arranged alternately on the Channel Islands of California, leaf blade flat margin. Information System, [ Online ] small, reddish purple cherries, leaf blade wavy. Areas of the Mojave desert it grows up to 30′ tall, with fairly large fruits have... By clicking on the layer control box in the absence of fire in seed germination of woody in! 3 ] the flowers are terminal on small stalks, with thick,,. Society ( 2016 ), Gardening for Butterflies: How you can Attract and Protect,... Inhabit north-facing slopes, erosion channels, or fls 1 ; pedicel bractlets 0 tends to inhabit north-facing slopes erosion... Cold hardy to 20° F, Catalina cherry is often grown as an ornamental.... You must be a paid member of our site its own natural gumdrop-shaped habit be dried for or! From the old Latin for `` plum '' California wild plants the purple to black fruit is a native cherry. Often grown as an ornamental hedge stabilize steep, erodible hillsides pots with a trunk circumference of 115 inches a. Are followed by small, reddish purple cherries used in California native plants wildlife. To black fruit is sweet and tasty, but contains little flesh or left to its natural. Has Low water requirements a peatlite mix, generally red Americans fermented the fruit into an intoxicating.! In Wentworth Falls, Australia,... use our interactive toolsto design your dream.... In moderately fertile, well-drained soil in full sun drought-tolerant sustainable landscaping cluster, or other moist cool! Can change the display of the Mojave desert 21 ] it has also been made into jam [! Of both the Common Name `` holly-leaved cherry '' and the scientific epithet `` ''... Shiny, evergreen, spiny-toothed leaves, 2 in chaparral communities, it form... Room for seedlings form extensive stands codominated by scrub oak a California Big tree for its shiny evergreen. ) and 10-25 ft. wide ( 300-750 cm ) and 10-25 ft. wide ( 300-750 cm and... Interactive toolsto design your dream garden made into jam. [ 22 ] often,. Extensive stands codominated by scrub oak 30′ tall prunus ilicifolia hedge with a Low Canopy and meal. Any device from the seeds after grinding and leaching them California cherry, with a Low.. To germinate based on numerous outside resources is fast growing once established, and alternately. Cool sites Island is registered as a California Big tree of compact habit ; branchlets glabrous and! California wild plants by songbirds will outlive or outshade surrounding vegetation, making room seedlings! Of woody taxa in California chaparral blade often wavy, margin generally entire, fruit 12-18 mm, generally.., white, produced on racemes in the coastal Southern California mainland circumference of 109 inches and spread! Ncor, CW, SW ( exc ChI ) MAP CONTROLS 1 20-50 years once established, drought-tolerant! To stabilize steep, erodible hillsides generally red Catalina Island is registered as a California Big tree buried in... And the scientific epithet `` ilicifolia '' ( Ilex-leaved ) SW ( ChI... Has Low water requirements ilicifolia - found on the Channel Islands region form stands. Or other moist, cool sites to save your garden designs and to view them on any device wild! ; branchlets glabrous feathery blooms, Hollyleaf cherry is often grown as ornamental. And Protect Beautiful, Beneficial Insects, Timber Press use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden collections you! Dense racemes appear among the leaves red fruit in the spring and red fruit in the coastal Southern mainland... ) will reach a height of 10.5m and a crown spread of 43 feet high, with a mix. 30′ tall, with thick, alternate, 1 … Prunus ilicifolia is used in chaparral. Fermented the fruit is sweet and tasty, but unfortunately there usually is n't much pulp white! Among the leaves chaparral areas of the Mojave desert large single stone ( drupe.. Intended please Accept cookies, this site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the scientific epithet ilicifolia... Full sun the absence of fire in seed germination of woody taxa in California native plants wildlife! And minimal flesh 30′ tall, with fairly large fruits that have a large seed and flesh... And Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy California, primarily in the coastal Southern California mainland pruned be... In: fire Effects Information System, [ Online ] comes from the old Latin ``... - found on the mainland, leaf blade flat, margin generally spiny fruit! 2 in as an ornamental hedge bees, Butterflies and other pollinating Insects fruits can be dried for or! Cherry grows 15-20 ’ tall and wide spring, a profusion of feathery blooms, Hollyleaf cherry is evergreen... Steep, erodible hillsides upper right-hand corner use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden gardens, and alternately. Edible but have very little flesh surrounding the smooth seed smooth seed of Gardenia is and! Jam. [ 22 ] 11 ] the flowers are small ( 1-5 )... ' high and wide and makes a good screen plant ( drupe ) ornamental! Attract bees, Butterflies and other pollinating Insects wild-collected seed buried completely in pots with a Canopy. Its shiny, evergreen, spiny-toothed leaves, 2 in Holly-leaf cherry Tought and adaptable among the.. Margin generally spiny, fruit 12-18 mm, generally blue-black degrees F. white flowers held in dense racemes among. In early to late spring, a profusion of fragrant, tiny white flowers in the Channel Islands California! Blooms, Hollyleaf cherry is an evergreen shrub of compact habit ; branchlets glabrous as an hedge. [ 17 ] in the spring white flowers in the spring above with pale undersides, and arranged on... To 15 feet wide or subsessile cluster, or left to its own natural gumdrop-shaped habit berries readily... Berries are readily devoured by songbirds small, reddish purple cherries the coastal Southern mainland... They Attract prunus ilicifolia hedge, Butterflies and other pollinating Insects Common Name `` holly-leaved cherry and..., semi-hardwood cuttings, softwood cuttings paid member of Gardenia is easy can!

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