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While Paul and Silas were in jail, there was an earthquake, and the prison doors opened and everyone’s chains came loose, but no one tried to escape. While studying Paul’s life for my newest Bible study, I discovered several “new” things about the apostle of grace. He is named after his great grandfather my dad a caring man that touch many lives especially young boys trough being a Boy Scout master for over forty years. While Jesus didn’t give Saul a new name, he did give him a new purpose: one that redefined his life. Before becoming a follower of Christ, Paul was a prime example of a “righteous” Jew. Paul’s calling as an apostle to the Gentiles was also reinforced by the original apostles. Then he said, 3 “I am a Jew. But there’s no verse that says that. How is it, then, that you force Gentiles to follow Jewish customs? Paul also talks of a third visit to Corinth in 2 Festus refused, and told them to make their case in Caesarea, where Paul used his privilege as a Roman citizen to make a bold request. While Paul’s status as a Pharisee and his intense devotion to the Law might have made him well-suited to preach to the Jews, Paul had a different calling. They are letters to … An apocryphal work from the second century known as The Acts of Paul says that Nero had Paul decapitated. Paul’s Latin name was a better fit for the predominantly Roman environment. Throughout the rest of Acts, Paul is a prominent figure who plays a pivotal role in bringing the gospel to non-Jewish communities. He believed that Jesus was a mere man, and was therefore rightfully executed for claiming to be God. The Book of Acts records three separate missionary journeys that took Paul through Greece, Turkey, Syria, and numerous regions you won’t find on modern-day maps. Here Paul performed his first miracle, perhaps inspired by his own conversion on the road to Damascus: he blinded a sorcerer who opposed their attempts to evangelize a proconsul (Acts 13:10–12). Over the last two millennia, countless books have been written about Paul and his teachings. top. In Philippians 3, he explains why if anyone ever had reason to believe that they could be saved by their adherence to Judaism, it was him: “If someone else thinks they have reasons to put confidence in the flesh, I have more: circumcised on the eighth day, of the people of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, a Hebrew of Hebrews; in regard to the law, a Pharisee; as for zeal, persecuting the church; as for righteousness based on the law, faultless.” —Philippians 3:4–6. But recently I realized I didn’t know as much about the Apostle Paul as I thought. . This largely depends on whether Paul was imprisoned in Rome once, or twice, which his letters are ambiguous about.Paul suggested he would travel to Spain (Romans 15:24), but he provides no record of this journey in his letters. He corresponded with these churches regularly and visited them as often as he could. Shortly after Saul converts to Christianity, Luke tells us he’s also called Paul (Acts 13:9), and for the most part the rest of the Bible refers to him as Paul. Not so! After Paul healed a man in Lystra, people thought he and Barnabas were the gods, Zeus and Hermes, and attempted to sacrifice to them. The Book of Acts tells us that Paul was even present at the death of the first Christian martyr—where he “approved the stoning of Stephen” (Acts 8:1). Instead of taking away from their number, he added to it. But he saw and heard “inexpressible things.” Pride would be the natural sinful response to an experience like this, but pride and conceit have no place in God’s servant. So we, too, have put our faith in Christ Jesus that we may be justified by faith in Christ and not by the works of the law, because by the works of the law no one will be justified.’” —Galatians 2:11–16. Bible verses related to Apostle Paul from the King James Version (KJV) by Relevance - Sort By Book Order Romans 1:1-32 - Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called [to be] an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God, (Read More...) He was a convert to Christianity. This encounter on the road to Damascus completely redefined who Paul was, and it changed the purpose of his journey from silencing Christians to speaking out in support of them. traveled more than 10,000 miles and established at least 14 churches.. Not the least of which is the fact that the Greek word for “widower” was rarely used in ancient Greek and was never used in the Koine period ( Fee ). (We’ll discuss these more later, or you can read more about them now.). In each of these, Paul and his companions set out to bring the gospel to Gentiles, and they establish the churches Paul wrote to in his epistles (as well as many others). But despite the apostles’ agreement that Gentiles didn’t have to adopt Jewish customs to be Christian, Jewish Christians still saw law-observing Christians as superior, and even Peter let himself get pressured into playing favorites. The first century was a tumultuous time for Christianity. It would take time for Paul’s reputation as a Christian preacher to outgrow his reputation as a persecutor of Christians. Barnabas wanted to bring John Mark again, but Paul didn’t think John Mark should come since he’d abandoned them before. Some pseudepigrapha is harmless, produced out of convenience, necessity, or accepted practices of the time (such as a student writing on behalf of a teacher, with the approval and authority of the teacher). As a leader in the Jewish community, Paul saw the rapidly spreading Christian community as a threat, and he directly contributed to the persecution early Christians faced. He spent much of his ministry dismantling the idea that in order to have a saving faith in Jesus, Gentiles must first “become Jewish” by adopting the Mosaic Law. After he received a vision (Acts 10:9–16), Peter was one of the first apostles to specifically advocate for sharing the gospel with Gentiles. After several days, people began planning to kill him, and they watched the city gates day and night. Tired of his case dragging on to appease his Jewish accusers, Paul claimed his right as a Roman to appeal to Caesar: “I am now standing before Caesar’s court, where I ought to be tried. But the son of Paul’s sister heard of the plot and reported it to Paul at the Roman barracks. And indeed, without God’s miraculous intervention, they would have. God gave Paul a glimpse of heaven during his early years as a believer, perhaps during his time of spiritual retreat in Arabia (Galatians 1:17). In his letter to the Corinthians, Paul appeals to the authority of eyewitness testimony, pointing out that Jesus appeared to many people including himself. He was the last apostle to be martyred. I’ve followed his ministry. The father of church history, Eusebius of Caesarea (c. 260–339 AD) noted that “some have rejected the Epistle to the Hebrews, saying that it is disputed by the church of Rome, on the ground that it was not written by Paul” (Church History). Before Paul ever preached the gospel, Jesus said, “This man is my chosen instrument to proclaim my name to the Gentiles and their kings and to the people of Israel” (Acts 9:15). Colossians makes some questionable references which Paul doesn’t make anywhere else (he calls Jesus “the image of the invisible God” in Colossians 1:15), and which align more with later Christian theology (like that found in John’s gospel), so some have argued it was written by Paul’s followers after his death. Bible Study Resources - Tips, Online Bible Search, Devotions. He began debating with Hellenistic Jews, and they tried to kill him, so the Christians took him to Caesarea an sent him home to Tarsus (Acts 9:26–30). . Saul of Tarsus, a Pharisee in Jerusalem after the crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus Christ , swore to wipe out the new Christian church, called The Way. Paul’s missionary journeys helped spread the gospel throughout much of the ancient world. Instead, they essentially instructed Gentiles be culturally sensitive to their Jewish brothers and sisters, because the Law was respected and observed by Jews everywhere. Then he got up and went back in. From Derbe, Paul and Barnabas looped back through the cities they’d already preached to, encouraging the new believers there and appointing elders for each church. For God, who was at work in Peter as an apostle to the circumcised, was also at work in me as an apostle to the Gentiles. The soldiers took drastic measures, but an angel spoke to Paul, and he encouraged and advised them along the way. What a wonderful synopsis of Paul. But someone warned the centurion of the plan, and instead, he rounded up nearly 500 soldiers to take Paul to the governor in Caesarea. Thank you so much for the Interesting history of Paul and the guide God bless you. Paul and Julius stayed on the island three months until another ship came. Several sources record that was Paul beheaded during the time of Nero. His followers smuggled him in and out of the city in a basket (Acts 9:23–25). Paul endured in his ministry. Paul started more than a dozen churches, and he’s traditionally considered the author of 13 books of the Bible—more than any other biblical writer. Paul traveled tirelessly through the ancient world, taking the message of salvation to the Gentiles. Paul had a vision which led the group to Macedonia, and interestingly, here the author of Acts begins to include themself in the story “After Paul had seen the vision, we got ready at once to leave for Macedonia, concluding that God had called us to preach the gospel to them” (Acts 16:10, emphasis added). But a closer examination of Scripture tells a little different story. His birth in a Roman "free city" grants him Roman citizenship, a privilege he will exercise later in life. These were the first members of the church Paul writes to in Philippians. When Paul told a centurion, the Roman commander ordered a detachment of almost 500 guards to move him to Caesarea under the cover of night. Paul’s first journey began in Antioch with a calling from the Holy Spirit (Acts 13:2–3). James Tabor considers Biblical and external accounts of the apostle This article was originally published in November 2012 on Dr. James Tabor’s popular Taborblog, a site that discusses and reports on “‘All things biblical’ from the Hebrew Bible to Early Christianity in the Roman World and Beyond.” Bible History Daily republished the article with consent of the author. We can only sketch the rough outlines of Paul's life from the Bible - from his conversion through his missionary journeys, writings of epistles, and Paul's imprisonment and death. There is no one else in the bible who acts as his witness. He healed a man with fever and dysentery (Acts 28:8). For Paul the Bible means the Hebrew Scriptures, or more precisely, the Greek translation of the Hebrew Scriptures that we call the Septuagint. It is believed that he wrote thirteen books of the Bible, together called the Pauline epistles. In a vision he has seen a man named Ananias come and place his hands on him to restore his sight.’, ‘Lord,’ Ananias answered, ‘I have heard many reports about this man and all the harm he has done to your holy people in Jerusalem. Who was Peter in the Bible & Why Was He So Important? The third was Paul’s Latin name, Paullus. Moses: The Old Testament’s Greatest Prophet, Who Was King Solomon? If you like the style, you’re also welcome to connect with the artist (Liz Donovan) on dribble or via email. Ways to Tell the Story: This story can be told using a variety of methods. Demas left him because he loved the world. He was of Benjamite lineage and Hebrew ancestry (Philippians 3:5–6). During their time in Philippi, a spirit that possessed a local slave girl was bothering Paul, so he cast it out of her (Acts 16:18). . 5.) For before certain men came from James, he used to eat with the Gentiles. I am excited to see what you give us next …. Paul was born in Tarsus—a prosperous city in the province of Cilicia—which granted him Roman citizenship. This site uses cookies to analyze traffic and ensure you get the best experience. Paul's exact date of birth is unknown. When Stephen was stoned to death for preaching the gospel, “the witnesses laid their coats at the feet of a young man named Saul . However, early church fathers claimed Paul did, in fact, travel to Spain. Paul Tells of His Past Life. The reality is that Saul was a Hebrew name and Paul was a Greek version of the same name. I was born in the city of Tarsus in the country of Cilicia. Scholars believe this is likely when he wrote his letter to the Philippians, because he references being in chains (Philippians 1:12–13). When Paul left Damascus, he went to Jerusalem and tried to join the disciples there. And instead of lording this status over everyone, he preached about a citizenship which everyone could choose to claim by accepting Jesus as Lord: “But our citizenship is in heaven. After staying in Antioch for awhile, Paul asked Barnabas to go with him to visit the churches they’d established together. Once I was stoned. Paul was held prisoner in Rome in his last days on earth. There is no book of Paul just his letters, however it is very clear that God used him as a post disciple of Christ Jesus to solidify the truth. This was contested as early as the second and third centuries, but for more than a millennia the church largely believed Paul wrote it. And we eagerly await a Savior from there, the Lord Jesus Christ, who, by the power that enables him to bring everything under his control, will transform our lowly bodies so that they will be like his glorious body.” —Philippians 3:20–21. When he finally arrived, “Paul was allowed to live by himself, with a soldier to guard him” (Acts 28:16). Paul left with Priscilla and Aquila and journeyed to Ephesus. But scholars argue that these epistles are actually pseudepigrapha: writings that claim to be written by someone who was not the actual author. In 2002, archaeologists found a large marble sarcophagus near the location Jerome and Caius described. (Which was a good thing, because those business owners were pretty mad at Paul, and they probably would’ve killed him.). Paul’s notoriety as a persecutor of Christians made believers uncomfortable around him even after his baptism, and it took a while for them to believe that he’d really changed (Acts 9:26). Paul’s powerful testimonies. My fellow Christians we are to ensure other Christians to live up to our heavenly calling. The Holy Spirit kept Paul and his companions from preaching in the province of Asia, so they went to Phrygia and Galatia (where they planted the church Paul would later write to in Galatians), eventually making their way to Troas. First, let's do a quick summary of what we know about Paul. His letters frequently address problems and questions these churches wrote to him about. His Jewish credentials included his heritage, discipline, and zeal. The Lord called to him in a vision, ‘Ananias!’, The Lord told him, ‘Go to the house of Judas on Straight Street and ask for a man from Tarsus named Saul, for he is praying. The next day they left for Derbe, another Lycaonian city where they “won a large number of disciples” (Acts 14:21). Despite never witnessing Jesus’ ministry, Paul arguably contributed more to the growth of the Christian movement than any other apostle. And if Peter, James, and John had nothing to add to what Paul preached, then why would the Galatians listen to someone else who said there was more they needed to do to be saved? Excellent information in a very understandable way. The Apostle Paul is traditionally considered the author of 13 books of the New Testament. Ephesians, 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, and Titus all have very different styles than Paul’s other letters. Unfortunately, the book ends before he gets to Caesar—because Paul’s story isn’t the point of Acts. Paul’s identity used to be rooted in his Jewishness, but after his dramatic conversion on the road to Damascus (more on that later) his identity as a Jew became secondary to his identity as a follower of Christ. After they baptized Lydia and her household, she invited them to stay at her house. Verse Concepts. When Christianity emerged, it was often thought of as a Jewish sect—it built on Jewish teachings and beliefs, and because most Christians were also Jewish, many still followed Jewish customs and rituals established in the Law of Moses. Thank you for such an informative piece of writing and breaking down of scriptures, with supporting ref’s. But Paul was greatly annoyed, and turned and said to the spirit, “I command you in the name of Jesus Christ to come out of her!” And it came out at that very moment. Some of the people who opposed them in Psidion Antioch and Iconium followed them to Lystra, and they stirred up the crowd against them. And in 200 AD, Tertullian wrote that Paul’s death was like John the Baptist’s (decapitation). The Apostle Paul, who started as one of Christianity's most zealous enemies, was hand-picked by Jesus Christ to become the gospel's most ardent messenger. They thought they killed him, so they left him outside the city gate. This famous encounter is referred to as the road to Damascus, the Damascene conversion, and the Damascus Christophany (a vision of Christ distinct from his incarnation). Paul before Agrippa (Acts 25:13 - 26:32) Paul departs for Rome and sails to Myra (Acts 27:1-5) They sail to Fair Havens on Crete (Acts 27:6-8) In spite of Paul's warning, they set sail again (Acts 27:9-12) Saint Paul is one of the most important and influential of all the saints. But if the charges brought against me by these Jews are not true, no one has the right to hand me over to them. In Ephesus, Paul went into the synagogue and reasoned with the Jews and promised to return if he could. But he himself held the view that Paul wrote the letter in Hebrew and simply chose not to sign it, and then Luke translated it to Greek. Paul was comforted and strengthened by God’s powerful presence. After listening to everyone, the Apostle James concluded: “It is my judgment, therefore, that we should not make it difficult for the Gentiles who are turning to God. This article is part of our People from the Bible Series featuring the most well-known historical names and figures from Scripture. He made a sorcerer go temporarily blind (Acts 13:11). The city was on the brink of rioting, and Paul wanted to return to help his companions, but the city clerk managed to de-escalate the situation without him. Reports of uncertain reliability place Paul's death at about a.d. 67 under the deranged oversight of Nero. And Paul and Saul are actually two versions of the same name. The Jews who opposed Paul tried to bring charges against him based on Jewish law, but the Roman proconsul wasn’t interested in hearing their case. Paul and Silas travelled through Derbe and then Lystra, where they picked up a believer named Timothy (this is the Timothy Paul writes to in 1 Timothy and 2 Timothy). The people who saw this thought Paul and Barnabas were gods, and attempted to make sacrifices to them even as Paul and Barnabas tried to convince them not to. In Acts 23 we have mention of Paul’s father who … Donald Guthrie wrote in his New Testament Introduction that “most modern writers find more difficulty in imagining how this Epistle was ever attributed to Paul than in disposing of the theory.”. I’m just brain-storming here, with you, I’ve been thinking about using such a cover sheet for some time now, and your map just strikes me as being the best one I’ve seen. For three Sabbaths, Paul taught in the synagogues and established the group of believers that he would later write to in 1 Thessalonians and 2 Thessalonians. The assassins planned to attack Paul during the transfer. On six occasions in Acts, Jews and Gentiles alike made plans to murder him—and one of those times, they stoned him and left him for dead. 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