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The furlong (meaning furrow length) was the distance a team of oxen could plough without resting. A furlong was 40 rods; an acre 4 by 40 rods, or 4 rods by 1 furlong, and thus 160 square rods. Share 0 Comments. The name furlong derives from the Old English words furh (furrow) and lang (long). The definition of the rod went from 15 old feet to 1612 new feet, or from 5 old yards to 512 new yards. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, medieval Europe continued with the Roman system, which the people proceeded to diversify, leading to serious complications in trade, taxation, etc. In October 2019, U.S. National Geodetic Survey and National Institute of Standards and Technology announced their joint intent to retire the U.S. survey foot, with effect from the end of 2022. For example, the King James Bible uses the term "furlong" in place of the Greek stadion, although more recent translations often use miles or kilometres in the main text and give the original numbers in footnotes. n. Abbr. A furlong is exactly 201.168 metres, or 0.125 miles so there are 8 furlongs in a mile. fur'-long (stadion, "stadium"; Luke 24:13 John 6:19; John 11:18 Revelation 14:20; Revelation 21:16): A Greek measure of length, being 600 Greek ft., or 100 orguiai equal to 606 3/4 English ft., and thus somewhat less than a furlong, which is 660 ft. See WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. In the Roman system, there were 625 feet to the stadium, eight stadia to the mile, and three miles to the league. Today, the furlong is used almost exclusively in horse racing. Generally, the most practical use of the word day as a measurement is when discussing distances in horse races. Furlong. Also distances along the canals in English navigated by narrowboats are commonly expressed in miles and furlongs. Furlongs to Miles (fur to mi) conversion calculator for Length conversions with additional tables and formulas. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. One furlong equals about 660 feet or 201.168 meters. The difference of approximately two parts per million between the U.S. value and the "international" value is insignificant for most practical measurements. The metre is a unit of length in the metric system, and is the base unit of length in the International System of Units (SI). The next step up is a 240-volt level 2 charger. Five furlongs are about 1 kilometre (1.00584km is the exact value, according to the international conversion). Omissions? This offset the drainage advantages of short furrows and meant furrows were made as long as possible. Most modern versions replace these lengths with modern equivalents. Or, put another way, there are 8 furlongs in a mile. One furlong equals 1/8 of a mile. A furlong is equal to one-eighth of a mile, 220 yards, 660 feet or 201.168 meters. A furlong is 660 feet, which is one-eighth of a mile. NIST Special Publication 811, Guide for the Use of the International System of Units (SI), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Example of the use of furlongs in horse racing, "NGS and NIST to Retire U.S. Survey Foot after 2022", "U.S. Survey Foot: Revised Unit Conversion Factors", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Furlong&oldid=994958173, Customary units of measurement in the United States, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Old English (ca. A league was considered to be the distance a man could walk in one hour, and the mile (from mille, "meaning thousand") consisted of 1,000 passus (paces, five feet, or double-step). A description from 1675 states, "Dimensurator or Measuring Instrument whereof the mosts usual has been the Chain, and the common length for English Measures four Poles, as answering indifferently to the Englishs Mile and Acre, 10 such Chains in length making a Furlong, and 10 single square Chains an Acre, so that a square Mile contains 640 square Acres." Now that distances are shown on road signs in kilometres, these major roads are almost exactly two kilometres apart. When England changed to the shorter foot in the late 13th century, rods and furlongs remained unchanged, since property boundaries were already defined in rods and furlongs. yds. There are eight furlongs in a mile. Furlong, old English unit of length, based on the length of an average plowed furrow (hence furrow-long, or furlong) in the English open- or common-field system. The furlong (meaning furrow length) was the distance a team of oxen could plow without resting. Corrections? At the time, the Saxons used the North German foot, which was 10 percent longer than the foot of today. The rood is an area of 1 furlong by 1 rod, or 1210 sq. An acre is traditionally thought of as the area that could be ploughed by a team of oxen in a morning without tiring them. Welcome to Long Furlong Medical Centre Website. It is also: 660 feet . https://www.britannica.com/science/furlong. The plan of the city is a square, the length being the same as the breadth; and he measured the city furlong by furlong, with his measuring rod--it is twelve hundred miles long, and the length and the breadth and the height of it are equal. The furlong (meaning furrow length) was the distance a team of oxen could plough without resting. One furlong equals about 660 feet or 201.168 meters. During the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, the mile gained an additional 280 feetto 5,280under a statute of 1593 that confirmed the. One furlong equals 1/8 of a mile. In the rest of the world, the furlong has very limited use, with the notable exception of horse racing in most English-speaking countries, including Canada and the United States. The furlong was the accepted unit of measure during the birth of horse racing in England in the 16th century and applied to racecourses. A furlong is a unit of distance thats equal to an eighth (1/8) of a mile, 660 feet, Australia[13] does not formally define the furlong, but it does define the chain and link in terms of the international yard. Among the important units of distance and length at the time were the foot, yard, rod (or pole), furlong, and the mile. Blocks in central Logan, Utah, and in large sections of Phoenix, Arizona, are similarly a square furlong in extent (eight to a mile, which explains the series of freeway exits: 19th Ave, 27th, 35th, 43rd, 51st, 59th ). It is equal to 660 feet or 201.168 metres. furlong synonyms, furlong pronunciation, furlong translation, English dictionary definition of furlong. The chain is a unit of length equal to 66 feet (22 yards).It is subdivided into 100 links or 4 rods.There are 10 chains in a furlong, and 80 chains in one statute mile. Approximately 1/8 mile (660 feet). The surgery is a modern medical centre conveniently situated in the Long Furlong housing estate in Abingdon. Each furrow ran the length of a 40 4-rod acre, or 660 modern feet. For example, a race that measures 3/4 of a mile, is listed as being 6 furlongs in the racing program. The unit was first used in the ninth century at the latest. A furlong is simply an eighth of a mile. Furlong [WEIGHTS AND MEASURES] Webster's 1828 Dictionary. Another way to put it: the Eiffel Tower is 1.610 furlongs tall. Therein lies the etymology of the word. The United States does not formally define a "survey yard". Thus, the furlong, often measured as 625 northern (German) feet, became 660 standard English feet, and the mile, always 8 furlongs, became 5,280 feet. The acre is the only unit of area in common use, other than the square-foot, and the square mile. Mileposts on the YangonMandalay Expressway use miles and furlongs. Learn more. The blocks become less regular in shape farther from the center, but the numbering system (800 units to each mile) remains the same everywhere in Salt Lake County. A furlong is a unit for measuring distance. It's good that there is more security, but the city looks like a military installation. Luke 24:13; John 11:18; Revelation 21:16. The word "furlong" comes from Old English words furh ("furrow") and lang ("long Tradition is why horse racing is The word is derived from Anglo-Saxon, and survived through the transition into Middle and then Modern English. Smith's Bible Dictionary. It was a 'furrow long'. The city of Chicago's street numbering system allots a measure of 800 address units to each mile, in keeping with the city's system of eight blocks per mile. An acre is an area that is one furlong long and one chain (66 feet or 22 yards) wide. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. And, behold, two of them went that same day to a village called Emmaus, which was from Jerusalem about threescore FURLONGS. [15][16], Unit of length equal to 660 feet or about 201 metres. Around the year 1300, England standardized the furlong as 40 rods or 660 feet. As the base unit of length in the SI and other m.k.s. fur. The rood is an area of 1 furlong by 1 rod, or 1210 sq. A furlong is a standard unit of length that originated in England in the late 13th or early 14th century and equals 220 yards, which is an eighth of a mile. In the United States, which defines the furlong, chain, rod, and link in terms of the U.S. survey foot of exactly 12003937 metre,[14] a furlong is approximately 201.1684 m long. Using the international definition of the inch as exactly 25.4 millimetres, one furlong is 201.168 metres. The furlong is an old English unit of distance that is still regularly used in horse racing. It was originally based on Races in the UK and Ireland are given in miles and furlongs and youll see races given in furlongs for races below a mile in distance. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Thus, the furlong, often measured as 625 northern (German) feet, became 660 standard English feet, and the mile, always 8 furlongs, became 5,280 feet. Most modern versions replace these lengths with modern equivalents. City blocks in the Hoddle Grid of Melbourne are also one furlong in length. This variation is too small to have practical consequences in most applications. 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