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[16] He also undertook various military reforms. [3] O'Higgins used his mother's surname until the death of his father in 1801. O’Higgins was of Spanish and Irish ancestry. He served the Spanish Empire as captain general (i.e., military governor) of Chile (1788–1796) and viceroy of Peru (1796–1801). Chilean independence leader Bernardo O'Higgins was his son. Initially the campaign went well, with the two commanders achieving a victory at the battle of Chacabuco. Soler's troops had to go down a tiny path that proved long and arduous, and took longer than expected. Five hundred Spanish soldiers were killed, and 600 were taken captive. [citation needed], O'Higgins is widely commemorated today, both in Chile and beyond. Genealogy for Ambrose Bernard O´Higgins, 1er Marques de Osorno, Virrey del Perú (1720 - 1801) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors … Then, in 1808 Napoleon took control of Spain, triggering a sequence of events in South America. Catholic Encyclopedia. In 1842, the National Congress of Chile finally voted to allow O'Higgins to return to Chile. Bernardo O'Higgins, a member of the O'Higgins family, was born in the Chilean city of Chillánin 1778, the illegitimate son of Ambrosio O'Higgins, 1st Marquis of Osorno,a Spanish officer born in County Sligo, Ireland, who became governor of Chile and later viceroy of Peru. At age 15, O'Higgins was sent to Lima by his father. As noted in his Certificate of Baptism, he was the illegitimate son of Ambrosio O’Higgins, a Spanish officer of Irish origin who became governor of Chile and later viceroy of Peru; his mother was Isabel Riquelme, a prominent lady of Chillán. In 1822, O'Higgins established a new "controversial"[16] constitution, which many regarded as a desperate attempt to hang on to power. O'Higgins spent his early years with his mother's family in central-southern Chile, and later he lived with the Albano family in Talca, who were his father's commercial partners. O'Higgins was back on his estates in Laja, having retired from the Army the previous year due to poor health, when news came of the invasion. [19], While in exile, O'Higgins met the Argentinean General José de San Martín, a fellow member of the Lautaro Lodge, and together the men returned to Chile in 1817 to defeat the royalists. Food ; from CLP 15000/US$22 pp. Bernardo’s father, Ambrose O’Higgins, was born to his parents, Charles and Margaret O’Higgins, in Ireland’s pastoral County Sligo. Bernardo O'Higgins Riquelme (Spanish: [berˈnarðo oˈxiɣins]; 1778–1842) was a Chilean independence leader who, together with José de San Martín, freed Chile from Spanish rule in the Chilean War of Independence. O'Higgins' abdication was typically dramatic: baring his chest, he offered up his life should his accusers demand it of him. It is an anglicisation of O'hUigin, from the Irish word 'uiginn' meaning Viking. Although he was the second Supreme Director of Chile (1817–1823), he is considered one of Chile's founding fathers, as he was the first holder of this title to head a fully independent Chilean state. The original holder of the name was a grandson of Niall of the Nine Hostages, High King of Tara, and all of the O'Higgins claim a common descent from him. Bernardo O'Higgins was a member of the O'Higgins Family who was born in the Chilean city of Chillán in 1778, the illegitimate son of Ambrosio O'Higgins, 1st Marquis of Osorno, a Spanish officer born in County Sligo, Ireland, who became governor of Chile and later viceroy of Peru. O'Higgins lived in exile for the rest of his life accompanied by his illegitimate son, Pedro Demetrio O'Higgins (1817–1868),[2] his mother, and his half-sister Rosa Rodriguez Riquelme (1781–1850). II, p.420-427. On 12 February 1818, Chile proclaimed itself an independent republic. [9] In 1813, when the Spanish government made its first attempt to reconquer Chile—sending an expedition led by Brigadier Antonio Pareja—Carrera, as a former national leader and now Commander in Chief of the Army, was by far the more prominent figure of the two, and a natural choice to lead the military resistance. Ruiz Moreno, Isidoro J., Campañas militares argentinas. The Junta in Santiago reassigned command of the army from Carrera, who had retreated during the battle, to O'Higgins, who then appointed Juan Mackenna as commandant-general. General O'Higgins, supposedly seeing his homeland and being overcome with passion, defied the plan of attack and charged along with his 1,500 troops. Bernardo O'Higgins, a member of the O'Higgins family, was born in the Chilean city of Chillán in 1778, the illegitimate son of Ambrosio O'Higgins, 1st Marquis of Osorno, a Spanish officer born in County Sligo, Ireland, who became governor of Chile and later viceroy of Peru. After being deposed, O'Higgins embarked from the port of Valparaiso in July 1823, in the British corvette Fly, never to see Chile again. It was a warm-hearted message from A blue plaque was erected in his honor at Clarence House in Richmond, where he lived while studying in London. "Ambrose Bernard O'Higgins". They decided to make a stand at the Angostura de Paine, a gorge that formed an easily defended bottleneck. O'Higgins spent his early years with his mother's family in central-southern Chile, and later he lived with the Albano family in Talca, who were his father's commercial partners. His mother Isabel Riquelme was the daughter of a prominent local, and he was raised with her family. He served the Spanish Empire as captain general of Chile (1788–1796) and viceroy of Peru (1796–1801). The Province of Cachapoal pertaining to the Region of the Liberator General Bernardo O'Higgins, in the center of the country. After travelling to Callao to embark for Chile, however, O'Higgins began to succumb to cardiac problems and was too weak to travel. When Bernardo was born … Archivo de don Bernardo O'Higgins, vol.I, p.114-119. Join Facebook to connect with Bernardo O'Higgins and others you may know. [17], Like Carrera and other nationalists, O'Higgins retreated to Argentina with the survivors, and remained there for three years while the royalists were in control. Bernardo O'Higgins. 1721. [26] With the rise of Agustín Gamarra, O'Higgins found himself out of favour in Peru. He is known as the "liberator of Chile." ], O'Higgins was sent to Lima by his father in 1801 a stand at the Angostura de Paine a. Gamarra, O'Higgins began to succumb to cardiac problems and was too weak to travel the of... O'Huigin, from the Irish word 'uiginn ' meaning Viking [ 3 ] O'Higgins used his 's. Militares argentinas, a gorge that formed an easily defended bottleneck father in 1801 rise of Agustín Gamarra, began... 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